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Technology

Wireless Power Array for Efficient Energy Transfer to Biomedical Implants
Description:

Ensures Stable Energy Transfer from Chargers to Implants Even When Misaligned

This transmitter array configuration efficiently transfers energy to biomedical implants no matter the alignment between the charger’s transmitter coils and the implant’s receiver coils. Biomedical implants are devices that either replace a biological structure or monitor a certain biochemical state in a patient. These implants range from glucose monitoring patches to artificial heart valves and all require a power source to function. With biomedical technology expanding exponentially, there is an increasing demand for wirelessly powered implants, as they eliminate any need for battery replacement surgery. However, the development of these implants is limited because available transmission configurations fail to provide adequate power transfer efficiency. This is primarily due to the use of a singular transmitter coil, matching the size of receiver coil, that requires exact alignment with the implant’s receiver coil in order to achieve optimal power transfer efficiency. While perfect alignment yields high efficiency, the patient’s tissue combined with the implant’s small dimensions increase the difficulty of achieving perfect alignment. A much larger singular transmitter coil that can overlap the small receiver coil is a solution to relax alignment, but the mismatch of sizes results in lower power transfer efficiency.

Researchers at the University of Florida have developed a transmitter array that yields high power transfer efficiencies at different orientations. Even when misaligned, this device maintains constant energy transfer to the implant, guaranteeing successful implant operation and patient compliance.

 

Application

Wireless power array that improves transfer of energy to small-scale biomedical implants and sensors

 

Advantages

  • Uses multiple transmitter coils surrounding a singular excitation coil, amplifying the range at which electromagnetic waves travel from the device
  • Yields a large coupling coefficient between transmitter and receiver, securing communication between transmitter array and receiver coils at different distances
  • Provides a reliable wireless power source for biomedical implants and sensors, eliminating the need for larger implant sizes with robust internal batteries
  • Supports different geometric arrangements, accommodating to various implant dimensions

Technology

This wireless power array consists of a series of resonant transmitter coils organized around a single excitation coil. The excitation coil emits radio waves at the resonant frequency. As the excitation coil transmits these waves, the surrounding resonant coils amplify the signal, enabling it to cover a wider area. This maintains high power transfer efficiencies as the array geometry compensates for any possible misalignment. The device installs within a charger, which a patient places close to the location of his medical implant. Since the array is relatively larger than conventional configurations, it provides stronger energy coupling between the transmitter and the receiver. Because the device has a large coupling coefficient, patients are free to position the device in a comfortable orientation of their choosing.

Research Terms: Engineering > Electrical Engineering
Technology > Instruments > Medical Instrumentation
Keywords: Diabetes, implant, Misalignment Factor, Power Transfer Efficiency, sensor, Transmitter Array, Wireless Power Transfer,;
Technology Inventors: Lawrence Fomundam
Jenshan Lin
Technology Information URL: https://ufinnovate.technologypublisher.com/tech/Wireless_Power_Array_for_Ef
ficient_Energy_Transfer_to_Biomedical_Implants
University: University of Florida
Tech Transfer URL: http://research.ufl.edu/otl/

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