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Dallas H. Snider

University of West Florida



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Similarity Measures in Smart Building Electrical Demand Data
Audience: Adults
Description: Presented at IEEE SoutheastCon 2015. With the increase in smart, LEED-certified buildings there comes an increase in the amount of time-series data generated by the sensor networks within these buildings. Extracting useful information from the sensor network data can pose a challenge. While diurnal and seasonal patterns of electrical demand are well known from traditional metering systems, smart building sensor networks can provide insight into abnormalities or previously unknown patterns in electrical demand. In this paper, we demonstrate how to mine the data for these unknowns through the analysis of the frequency components of the time-series electrical demand data. The data for this study was collected from an LEED-certified building over twelve consecutive months with separate data feeds for the electrical demand from the heating, A/C, ventilation, lighting and miscellaneous systems. We employed Fourier methods to transform the data from the time domain to the frequency domain and then used similarity measures to look for similarities and outliers among the differing systems.

Subject Areas: Computer Science
Information Science
Keywords: Data mining
Energy management
Fourier transforms
Knowledge discovery
Pattern recognition
Duration: 1 hour or less
Fee: No Cost

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