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April Kilburn

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Protease Detection Devices to Improve Chronic Wound Treatment
Description:

Analyzes a Biological Sample to Determine the Presence, Quantity, Concentration, or Activity of Target Proteases

These point-of-care diagnostic tools employ high-sensitivity fluorescence to perform rapid and accurate assessment of protease presence and activity in a wound, thereby facilitating administration of optimal wound therapy. Protease imbalances are often responsible for the development of a range of medical pathologies, such as cancer cell metastasis or the spread of infectious diseases. High protease levels also can suppress pro-healing factors and destroy nascent tissue in chronic wounds, the treatment of which accounts for the largest share of the global wound care market, projected to exceed $22 billion by 2022. Available protease activity assays are generally for laboratory settings rather than point-of-care wound assessment by non-technical personnel, and many point-of-care diagnostic tools lack the analytical sensitivity needed to minimize testing time for more rapid and effective treatment of chronic wounds.


Researchers at the University of Florida have developed rapid, point-of-care protease detection assays that enable physicians to provide better treatment for chronic wounds. The devices are easy to use, completing their testing all within the same unit. They also exhibit very high analytical sensitivity that shortens overall testing time for more efficient chronic wound therapy.

 

Application

Simple point-of-care diagnostic device to rapidly quantify protease levels or activity in wound tissue samples

 

Advantages

  • Efficiently measures protease levels, improving wound status assessment for better chronic wound treatment
  • Exhibits rapid kinetics with excellent accuracy and minimal background interference, facilitating more efficient wound care
  • Achieves very high analytical sensitivity, supporting qualitative and quantitative protease detection in ten minutes or less
  • Determines the spatial distribution of protease activity in a wound bed, revealing the direct impact of various treatments to inform therapeutic adjustments
  • Contains all required assay components in a single unit, allowing for easy point-of-care testing by non-technical personnel
  • Adapts to target multiple analytes in addition to proteases such as biofilm, providing a more complete assessment of a wound bed

Technology

These diagnostic tools utilize fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and colorimetric assay formats operating on a high-sensitivity substrate-cleaving mechanism to detect or quantify the activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), a protease that indicates the chronic status of a wound when present in elevated amounts. A peptide substrate contains both a fluorescing dye molecule and a second molecule that quenches the fluorescence of the fluorescing dye. The substrate is specifically cleavable only by the MMPs. Therefore, if elevated protease levels exist in the sample, then quenching of the fluorescing dye ceases, and its fluorescence indicates the protease activity in the wound. This mechanism empowers multiple assay devices, including straw and swab-based testing tools as well as thin film substrates able to portray visually the spatial distribution of protease activity across the surface of a wound bed.

Research Terms: Medical Sciences > Clinical Medicine > Diagnostic Medicine
Keywords: Protease assay,;
Technology Inventors: John Azeke
Christopher Batich
Daniel Gibson
Olajompo Moloye-Olabisi
Priscilla Phillips
Gregory Schultz
Weihong Tan
Technology Information URL: https://ufinnovate.technologypublisher.com/tech/Protease_Detection_Devices_
to_Improve_Chronic_Wound_Treatment
University: University of Florida
Tech Transfer URL: http://research.ufl.edu/otl/

Associated Patents

Patent Name: Devices for the detection of the presence and/or activity of proteases in biological samples
Patent Number: US Patent 8,058,024
Patent Status: Issued
Issue Date: November 15, 2011
Patent Record: View full record at google patents
View full record at United States Patent and Trademark Office
Patent Inventors: Weihong Tan
John Azeke
Christopher Batich
Priscilla Phillips
Gregory Schultz
Daniel Gibson
Olajompo Moloye-Olabisi
Patent Name: Devices for the detection of the presence and/or activity of proteases in biological samples
Patent Number: US Patent 8,551,764
Patent Status: Issued
Issue Date: October 8, 2013
Patent Record: View full record at google patents
View full record at United States Patent and Trademark Office
Patent Inventors: Weihong Tan
John Azeke
Christopher Batich
Priscilla Phillips
Gregory Schultz
Daniel Gibson
Olajompo Moloye-Olabisi

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